What is the difference between the Arctic from Antarctic?
At first – About similarity. Arctic and Antarctica – Areas of land located around the poles, respectively, the Northern and South. Similarity in the names is due to the fact that they are based on – Ancient Greek Word Arktos (Bear).
The most northern part of the Earth, the ancient Greeks called the Arctic, because the direction to the north they were determined on the polar star, located in the constellation of a small marsh. Antarctic is named as in the opposite of the Arctic, the prefix anti in ancient genus means «against».
In both areas, it is almost always very cold, the average annual temperature does not rise above zero. And in the Arctic, and in Antarctica in winter – Polar Night, Summer – Polar day. On this similarity and ends.
The Arctic is located in the northern hemisphere of the Earth, and Antarctica – in southern, so when in the first – Winter in the second – summer.
Arctic – Ocean-covered ocean surrounded by sushi, Antarctica – ice-covered part of the sushi (mainland) surrounded by seas.
The territory of Antarctic is twice as bigger than the Arctic.
Penguins are found in Antarctica, and in the Arctic – White bears.
The territory (or rather, the water area) of the Arctic is divided between the surrounding countries, Antarctic is considered the property of all mankind.